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ADVANCED TOPICS IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING – ATEE 2017

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Mathematical Modeling of Eddy Current Non-Destructive Testing

This paper proposes analytical and numerical models for the measurement process of Eddy-Current (EC) non-destructive testing. EC inspection represents an essential method for the electromagnetic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of cracks in conductive materials, with its main applications being found in the examination of aircraft, particle accelerators, and other engineering constructions. The method is based on the detection of the magnetic field produced by eddy currents induced in the specimen being tested. The presence of a crack disturbs the flow of the eddy currents, thus producing a magnetic field perturbation dependent on the position and shape of the defect itself. Variations in the electrical conductivity and magnetic permeability of the test object material, and the presence of defects in the object causes a change in eddy current and a corresponding change in phase and amplitude that can be detected by measuring the impedance changes in the magnetic field generating coil, which is a telltale sign of the presence of defects. The nature of the method is complex and there is therefore a need for deeper understanding that may be gained from mathematical models. Such models can have several objectives as for example procedure and equipment optimization or understanding of the method capability and reliability.

Author(s):

Emilia Simona APOSTOL    
INCDIE ICPE-CA
Romania

Adrian NEDELCU    
INCDIE ICPE-CA
Romania

Daniel DAN    
University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest,
Romania

Ionel CHIRITA    
INCDIE ICPE-CA
Romania

Nicolae TANASE    
INCDIE ICPE-CA
Romania

 

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